Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine. Nominalists offer a radical definition of reality: there are no universals, only particulars. The role of science is to strive for casual relationships, an essential I think I'd like to take this offline and start a new thread since it only has small bearing on Wayfarer's OP. This is a spin-off thread from a side discussion in Wayfarer’s thread on particle-wave duality. What if there wasn’t? What empirical difference would that make? In medieval philosophy, r… What is pragmatism? Experiences are representations of things and are not necessary for the existence of those things. Consequently, every departure from realism, the philosophy which I defend, is a step towards accommodating some views characteristic of relativism. https://www.researchgate.net/post/What_are_the_terms_for_various_ontological_positions_Are_realism_and_relativism_ontological_positions_If_yes_what_do_they_mean, unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics. Critical realism is a philosophical approach to understanding science developed by Roy Bhaskar (1944–2014). The oldest use of the term comes from medieval interpretations and adaptations of Greek philosophy. In the social sciences, it is often contrasted with Post-Positivism as a form of realism. That is another thing, that in the mainstream philosophy the corresponding philosophers “solve” this problem seems without understanding that to answer on this question, including in every concrete case of “perceiving” concrete things, it is necessary before to know – what these things are?, what is who perceives? What if there wasn’t? This post has two components, one is an attempt to sketch the construction of a ridiculously inclusive mathematical object which serves as the background 'model of things' in the OP, and the other attempts to situate what an ontology is in relation to the ridiculously inclusive object. I want relational everything. - and, as an useful reading, it is desirable to read a few SS posts, Some examples where the indeed philosophy is applied to some fundamental problems in Matter and consciousness see the last SS posts in the threads, - are useful for understanding – what the indeed philosophical SS&VT “The Information as Absolute” conception, As well as it is useful in this case to read some discussion of the conception on the RG, The last SS post, and links in the post, in the thread. Epistemology and Relativism. Now the next point the premise "that there is something" supports the cosmological argument. Triangulation means using more than one method to collect data on the, same topic. Thank you all for responding to my thread. independent of our cognition; while pragmatism and relativism regard reality as subjective, though their ontologicla positions are somewhat different. Gerald Cupchik. The exasperated realist thumps the table or kicks a rock, and exclaims that, surely, there is nothing relative about that. What is Research Paradigm and How it is Represented? - are next examples how indeed philosophy helps sciences. To read two last SS comments to some RG member’s comment to the paper with the Shevchenko-Tokarevsky’s informational physical model, - which [the model] is based on the “The Information as Absolute” conception, are useful for understanding – what are the conception and the model. This is a key concept, demonstrating why objective ontology (or lack of it) makes no difference in the relations between different parts of the same structure. Constructivist Realism: An Ontology That Encompasses Positivist and Constructivist Approaches to the Social Sciences. It is not platonic realsim. The universe is a mathematical structure and things within it are real to each other. Is it a method of validating the information collected through various methods? Probably not, as Quine noted: Unfortunately, the task of ontology is not to decide whether the giant jumble object exists or does not exist, it is to filter what obtains (questions of relation) and how/why it does so. It is not platonic realsim. What do you think about it? You can call it "bias", but it's what I know. Ontologically, either you're a realist or an anti-realist. It combines a general philosophy of science (transcendental realism) with a philosophy of social science (critical naturalism).It specifically opposes forms of empiricism and positivism by viewing science as concerned with identifying causal mechanisms. It is a useful heuristic we created to translate the patterns of physics and nature using numbers. This tends to be either scientific or society based… Ontology, epistemology, axiology and research methods associated with critical realism research philosophy. Michael Dummett on realism, anti-realism and metaphysics, gestalt principles and realism: a phenomenological exploration, New article published: The Argument for Indirect Realism. This is pretty straight-forward relativism, except it is ontology this time, a topic rarely covered. As for where Constructionism fits into this system, most people would consider it a form of relativism. While difficult to get past the bias that there needs to be something, it turns out there is no difference. Your valuable and easy to understand answers will help me a lot in my research design. How we know what we know must precede what we know, even if what we know provides the conditions for how we know. A good source to read about this from a philosopher are the early chapters in Ian Hacking's collection of essays, "The Social Construction of What?". I have decided that Constructionism is going to be my epistemology, after I read Crotty (1998). It deals with one singe truth. Ontology regards the existence of facts and objects, while epistemology regards whether we can know them or not, and if objectively or subjectively. In this text Bhaskar lays the foundations of CR with his thesis for transcendental realism. I am not aware of mr. Crotty's take, but constructivism can either be realist or anti-realist. There's you and I, and the world which we inhabit, and everything in it. Because CR principles are usually used to underpin the developme… If so, what were the examiners comments? He apparently feels that ontological positions don't matter so long as you have a clear epistemological position, which in his case would be strongly anti-realist. I have my reservations with mathematical realism and you would need to do somewhat better, however alluring Tegmark or Plato are. a 'mathematical structure' -- seems to render it as 'something', in an abstract sort of way. And, "there is something" is the premise which supports the cosmological argument. The Inconsistency of Nothing. What empirical difference would that make? Critical Realism (CR) is a philosophy of science that is based around a number of ontological principles. ... nonetheless it is worth debating proposing a practical approach to the realist-relativist dichotomy. In other words, if all knowledge is subjectively constructed, then the "true" nature of reality doesn't matter, because we can never get outside our socially based constructions.
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